New developments in waging war from space
State geologists find contaminated water at Fort Wingate purified by
recent study commissioned by the US Congress entitled "Military
Space Forces: The Next 50 Years" discusses at length how space
is destined to become the military installation of the future.
As claimed in the report, control of the space between the earth
and the moon, where the gravitational pulls are equal, is key
to domination. The study reveals that, "who controls circumterrestrial
space commands Planet Earth," and "who rules the moon commands
circumterrestrial space." The winner will be the country whose
military can afford the most sophisticated technology, and can
point, aim, and shoot its infra-red laser driven missiles within
an accuracy range of fifteen feet or less.
In 1957, the Soviet Union set the
pace for space exploration by launching Sputnik, the world's
first spacecraft. Space exploration was then coupled with
navigation, communication, meteorology, surveillance and military
applications. As President John Kennedy said, "No one can
predict what the ultimate meaning will be of mastery of space."
During the Persian Gulf War, the world was witness to a war
waged from space though satellite technology. Space-based
Global Positioning Systems (or GPS) with night and low light
vision devices were used. Billions of dollars have been spent
on this type of technology. These modern advances in satellite
technology help to make life more convenient, with such services
as accurate weather forecasting and cloud mapping, instant
telecommunication, and radio and television broadcasting.
The downside to these modern technological advances is developments
like geo-strategic spying from space.
According to a recent
article in India's national newspaper, The Hindu , inferior
satellite clones are being developed based on United States
GPS. The article points out that breakthroughs in space-oriented
missile operations are now being developed through commercial
enterprises, unlike in the past when secret military research
and operations were conducted. The commercial GPS clones could
be utilized to target fixed objects with one-meter satellite
resolution. The article's author claims that the commercialization
of guidance and navigational technologies for cruise missiles,
GPS, and satellite resolution imagery could lead to more military-like
activities in space by private entities.
Critics, such as
Russian President Vladimir Putin in his address to the United
Nations on the challenges it is facing in the 21st century,
are worried about the militarization of space by both the
military and private enterprises.
*State geologists investigating contamination at Fort Wingate,
near Gallup, New Mexico, have discovered that the lagoons near
the fort are slowly becoming less contaminated, thanks to explosives-eating
bacteria found in the water. The state is requiring cleanup in
order that the land be returned to Navajo and Zuni tribes.
Fort Wingate was opened in the mid-1800s
and was used as a munition depot from 1916 to 1933. Munitions
recycling done between 1949 and 1967 left the lagoons contaminated
with chunks of TNT and other explosive materials. When geologist
Dennis McQuillan and his team from the state Environment Department
began searching for the contamination, they found various
waste materials which indicated that the bacteria, or "bugs,"
had been feeding on the explosives. As McQuillan said, "The
bugs are getting fed. There's no food other than high explosives."
McQuillan also said that he and his team are now working to
find the genus and species of the bacteria, and are investigating
whether the bacteria will eat radioactive materials as well
as explosives. If so, the bugs may be used at other contaminated
sites. Scientists are unsure if the bacteria are simply a
mutant of some other bacteria, or were forced to eat the contamination
due to famine. Either way, "it's exciting," says McQuillan.
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