How shall we honor the
environmental moms of Los
Alamos who in 1946 demanded protection of children and family
playing in canyons contaminated with plutonium? Who can tell us
about other unrecognized acts of resistance by citizens and
For how many years after 1946 did the Lab have a policy
of assigning a special internal classification to health-related
whose release might result in lawsuits against "the
Question #3. 5
Was the Lab ever able to account for the 100 grams of plutonium
missing from DP Site in 1951? Where did it go?
Question #4. 6
Are stack releases from DP Site of 1.4 to 1.8 Ci plutonium
for the years 1951, 1952 and 1953 reported in a 1990 LANL ER
accurate (Nyhan, 1990)? How can these numbers be reconciled with
published reports of only 1-2 curies of plutonium released into
the air from
DP Site in all of 1948-1989?
Question #5. 8
Historical stack monitoring reports in the 1950's and 1960's
obtained under the Freedom of Information Act have pages missing
in a regular sequence. What information is reported on the
Question #6. 9
Did operation - and failure
- of the Clementine reactor in 1952 result in the release into
the environment of fission products, mercury
and/or plutonium? If so, in what quantities?
Question #7. 10
What accounts for the extraordinarily high ambient level
of radioactivity recorded in late September 1954 at the following
residential address: 2135 B 35th St.?
Question #8. 12
What caused the "blue snow" reported by citizens near Black
Lake in May 1955?
Question #9. 14
What is the total number of subjects used in human
radiation experiments at Los Alamos? How can individuals, or
survivors, who believe they were experimented upon gain access to
records documenting the identities and quantities of
which they were exposed? Won't environmental epidemiologic
be hopelessly confounded unless individuals' past exposures in
human radiation experiments are taken into account?
Question #10. 16
Was the old trailer park, originally located near the Omega Were
the residents ever
Question #11. 17
What specific production activities at Los Alamos account for
the rise in air emissions of plutonium from TA-21 in the second
half of 1969
after the Rocky Flats pit production unit was shut down by the
May 1969 fire?
Question #12. 20
Why do monitoring reports from TA-21 carry the notation:
"These figures should not be recorded on
alongside large numbers in July 1969? Did similarly large numbers
in stack samples? Why does a yearly emissions inventory, compiled
claim that Room 401 at TA-21 was "not in use" during 1969?
Question #13. 22
Are there possible long-term effects on public health from
the Los Alamos Molten Plutonium Reactor Experiment, which was
when several plutonium fuel elements ruptured?
Question #14. 24
What source terms are associated with E.R. Graham's finding
of I-131 in grassclippings, at levels greater than regional
Omega West Reactor in 1962? Any later data?
Question #15. 25
When will Health Division Monthly Progress Reports later than
1964 be released unexpurgated to the public?
Question #16. 28
What proportion of the 15,500 Ci of mixed fission
products reported released from TA-2 (Omega West Reactor) in 1967
is accounted for by radioiodines or precursors?
Question #17. 29
What specific processes were carried out at OWR beginning
in the mid-1960's that necessitated an increase in power from 5
to 8 MW?
What are the associated source terms and their potential impacts
on public health?
Question #18. 31
What activities at OWR beginning in the mid-1960's justified the
national security exemption which Los Alamos won from AEC
criteria? What are the associated source terms and their
potential impacts on public health?
Question #19. 37
How many "indigent patients" were recruited from Indian
Hospitals and local communities for human radiation experiments?
radionuclides, if any, were they exposed to, and in what
quantities? Can valid environmental epidemiologic studies be
conducted without taking into account experimental
Question #20. 38
How can independent epidemiologic researchers gain access to the
records necessary to compile a roster of subjects involved in the
radiation experiments? How many of the cases in the NM DOH study
cancer in Los Alamos County were subjects in the human radiation
Question #21. 40
How many fuel failures - apparently intentional occurred during
the Molten Plutonium Burn-up Experiments? What are the
Question #22. 41
Did anyone ever find the cobalt-60 pins that were scattered into
the environment near TA-33 in 1962?
Question #23. 42
Is there a specific Lab process at Los Alamos that might be
associated with the excesses of female brain cancer in the 1960's
(4 cases, statistically significant) and again in the
What doses were received by Indian crews working without
full personal protective equipment on the Bayo Canyon clean-up in
How do their doses compare with those of Zia personnel?
Question #25. 45
What accounts for the discrepancy between AEC officials'
claim that the Salamander incinerators at TA-21 released no
versus stack monitoring data which show emissions of Pu-239 and
Are the reported plutonium source terms of:
1972 7.9 mCi
for TA-3 accurate, in light of problematic stacks which
repeatedly exceeded the AEC's maximum permissible concentration
for plutonium in air (MPCa)? Is it noteworthy that these stacks
are about one mile upwind of the Western Area?
Is the source term of 10 micrograms Pu-238 accurate for the
incident of October 7, 1970, in which an experiment in a chemical
hood released contamination through an unfiltered stack at TA
Question #28. 52
Were the concerns of H-Division personnel about
environmental contamination adequately addressed before "single
were conducted in the early 1970's? What were the environmental
source terms associated with these experiments?
Question #29. 54
Did LAMPF ever produce kilocurie quantities of radioiodine
isotopes, as suggested by this 1970 planning document?
Question #30. 55
Is there a more thorough (but perhaps less widely circulated)
historical emissions inventory than the 1973 memo by Valentine?
It fails to
consider I-131 simply because it is short-lived.
Question #31. 56
What did H-1 personnel see when they reached the Omega surge tank
on August 23, 1971? Why is a key sentence blacked out on this
Question #32. 57
Did Los Alamos scientists bombard uranium and thorium
targets as large as 2,000 kg at LAMPF in the 1980's, as planned?
If so, were
significant quantities of fission products generated and
Question #33. 58
Was a space reactor under development at LANL also ground tested
Question #34. 59
Does the inventory of 3,520 curies of I-131 at Target Cell #4 of
the Weapons Neutron Research Facility represent reality or an
"worst case"? How much was emitted via the stack? What
I-131? And for how many years were these processes carried
Question #35. 60
Was LANL's Omega West Reactor active in the production of Mo-99,
Tc-99 and radioiodine isotopes (I-125, I-131, etc.) during the
Question #36. 61
Were the Sheba critical assemblies ever operated at a large
number of fissions (-
1018) without holding
tanks to allow decay of the large
quantities of radioiodines that would have been produced?
Question #37. 63
Were the shut down(s) of the Los Alamos Critical Assemblies
Facility related to health and safety-related concerns?
For the years of greatest emissions of activation products from
LAMPF are the lab's official estimates of public bystander doses
Question #39. 65
Were there leaks from the "iodine production loop," or related
activities, at OWR in 1992 or earlier?
Question #40. 69
Did the four confirmed recent cases of leiomyosarcoma (soft
tissue sarcoma) share a common residential history that is
either: a) downwind
of the plume of an old incinerator (whose ash pile contains
dioxins); or b) on the
rim of Acid Canyon in the 1950's and 1960's?
Question #41. 71
Do these two internal memos by ESH-12 in 1992 personnel
accurately account for historical sources of radioiodine around
Question #42. 73
Who has ever heard of "Omega East Reactor"? It apparently refers
to the Water Boiler, which was 100 times less powerful than
Question #43. 77
What steps can be taken to prevent the premature destruction
of historical documents important for dose reconstruction, as may
recently at INEL?
Back to CCNS